Programme and Abstracts


9.00 - 9.30: Registration and coffee

9.30 - 9.40: Welcome, Henk Alkemade

9.40 - 10.00Leinster House: a case study of Historic Buildings Information Modelling, Anthony Corns, Discovery Programme

10.05 - 10.25Featuring Archaeology in Europeana Collections, Nienke van Schaverbeke, Europeana

10.30 - 10.50Connecting archaeology and architecture data: updating the CARARE metadata schema, Kate Fernie and Dimitris Gavrilis


11.10 - 11.30A presentation of SOCH: Swedish Open Cultural Heritage, Marcus Smith, SOCH

11.35 - 12.00Linking local people and scientists through metal detector finds, Nina Gerritsen, KNAW-DANS

12.00 - 12.15: Discussion

12.15 - 1.15: Lunch

1.15 - 1.25: Welcome back, session chair: Rimvydas Lauzikas

1.25 - 1.45Linking Europe to the Nile: connecting sites, monuments, museums and historical information. Rosa Tamborrino (Politecnico di Torino) and Willeke Wedrich (University of California, Los Angeles)

1.50 - 2.10:  An archaeological approach to epigraphy: new data from Pompeii, Michele Stefanile, Dipartimento Asia Africa Mediterraneo, Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale” 


3.00 - 3.20: Art Nouveau Danube Digital Repository, Franc J.Zakrajsek, dr. Vlasta Vodeb, Urban Institute of Slovenia

3.25 - 3.45Updating the Iberians in Europeana, Alberto Sánchez, José A. Tuñón, Carmen Rueda, David Parras, Carmen Rísquez, Pilar Amate, University Research Institute for Iberian Archaeology, University of Jaén, Spain

3.50 - 4.25: Discussion

4.25 - 4.40: Closing remarks 


Leinster House: a case study of Historic Building Information Modelling
Anthony Corns, Discovery Programme

This paper explores the experience developed during the creation of a Historic Building Information Model (HBIM) for Leinster House, a Georgian Mansion constructed between 1745-47 that now houses the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament). Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a process and methodology which enables both information and graphical components of the built environment to be structured.  When used for modelling historic buildings, the results can be used to produce conservation documentation, visualisations and for knowledge extraction.  HBIM is a multi-disciplinary and evolving system with researchers from computing, architecture, archaeology, engineering and other heritage areas collaborating to improve the process and to create more open systems.

The work on Leinster House involved: 

  • Developing a methodology for collecting, organising and presenting high volumes of laser scan data of the historical structures within a BIM environment.
  • Developing protocols for modelling historic building features and for representing conservation information within HBIM.
  • Exploring the value, benefits and challenges in incorporating HBIM within the management and conservation of historic buildings.

Connecting archaeology and architecture data
Kate Fernie and Dimitris Gavrilis

Connecting datasets produced by organisations from several different countries presents significant interoperability challenges.  In this paper we describe the approach taken in CARARE, the lessons learned in integrating more than two million metadata records from databases across Europe and the latest developments in the schema to support innovation in modelling the archaeological and architectural heritage and to enhance support for linked and contextual data.    

The CARARE metadata schema is designed to foster common approaches and best practices in the description of the digital archaeological and architectural heritage. Based on existing standards including CIDOC, MIDAS and LIDO, the schema was designed as a harvesting protocol to support metadata aggregation for Europeana. Mapping the schema to the Europeana Data Model (EDM) enabled integration of the datasets in Europeana while ensuring their integrity and semantics. We have described the interoperability challenges that we faced and the solutions developed for the first version of the CARARE schema in previous papers. This paper looks at the lessons learned and work to develop an RDF-friendly version of the CARARE schema.  Our aim with this new version of the schema is both to enhance support for Linked and Contextual data, and to improve support for developers using the schema in data capture systems and in 3D environments such as HBIM.

Submission to: Fishing for Knowledge in a Sea of Data #498 EAA2018
Metadata; Archaeology data; Interoperability; Linked Data; HBIM

A presentation of SOCH: Swedish Open Cultural Heritage
Marcus Smith, SOCH

SOCH (Swedish Open Cultural Heritage; "K-samsök" in Swedish) is a linked data aggregator platform operated by the Swedish National Heritage Board. SOCH harvests metadata from the collections of over sixty different cultural heritage organisations across the country. The records harvested describe ancient monuments from the National Monuments Register, historic buildings from the Database of Built Heritage, artefacts and small-finds from museum collections, and photographs from the institutions' archives. At the time of writing, SOCH includes over 7 million records.

The harvested records are indexed, and published as Linked Open Data available by dereferencing the records' URIs and searchable via a web-API. All records are openly licensed under CC0, and contain licensing information for any associated images or other media. A number of innovative third-party applications have been built using SOCH's data and API, either in isolation or in combination with other open datasets. The Swedish National Heritage Board's public web interface to SOCH is Kringla,

SOCH places a great deal of emphasis not only on openly-licensed cultural heritage data, but also on linked data. Records in SOCH can be linked with one another, so that the connections between the different objects may be described, and users can explore the records in a more accessible way, across institutional boundaries.

SOCH is also a national data aggregator within Europeana, and 3.5 million of the records it harvests are also available there. Historic buildings and small-finds, and photographs are mapped against the Europeana Data Model and harvested directly, while ancient monument data from the National Monuments Register is delivered via CARARE.

This presentation will describe the SOCH platform as outlined above, as well as providing examples of the rich data descriptions and applications the platform makes possible, primarily from the perspective of museums, archaeology, and architecture. It will also touch on the role SOCH plays in the broader international Europeana platform and collaboration with CARARE.

An archaeological approach to epigraphy: new data from Pompeii
Michele Stefanile, Dipartimento Asia Africa Mediterraneo
Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale"

The electoral inscriptions found in the ancient city of Pompeii constitute an incredible source of information for scholars interested in reconstructing the political life of the Vesu-vian sites, especially in the last decades before the eruption.

In spite of a very rich scientific literature on the subject, there is still a lot to say about the Pompeian elections and their chronologies. An ongoing project, which is creating the EDR-Epigraphic Database Roma (as part of the EAGLE Project for Europeana), is now offering new interesting data. Reconsideration of all of the 3.000 tituli picti Pompeiani is highlight-ing important superimpositions among earlier and later inscriptions on the same walls. The archaeological principle of a chronology based on a series of layers, can be applied to wall inscriptions, whose superimpositions mark a clear sequence of actions. The exceptional context of Pompeian archaeology, with buildings and architectures that can be accurately dated to decades or years, offers a solid basis to anchor the chronologies of particular events: in our case, to the annual elections of the city.

This paper presents the first results about the careers of two Pompeian candidates, Cnaeus Helvius Sabinus and Lucius Ceius Secundus (for the latter a new text recently appeared in the city after the collapse of part of a wall), and some remarks about the dating of the famous intervention made by Suedius Clemens on behalf of the Emperor Vespasianus in Pompeii.

Art Nouveau Danube Digital Repository
Franc J.Zakrajsek, dr. Vlasta Vodeb

This paper will present best practices in re-use and enrichment of Europeana metadata.  The Art Nouveau Danube digital repository will function as a common content point of Art Nouveau heritage in Danube Region and will be connected with other cultural portals. The repository will support studies and other actions of the project to promote Art Nouveau heritage. It will contain movable, immovable and intangible Art Nouveau heritage digital cultural contents from the Danube region in different forms (3D objects, videos, texts, photos, descriptions).

Updating the Iberians in Europeana
Alberto Sánchez, José A. Tuñón, Carmen Rueda, David Parras, Carmen Rísquez, Pilar Amate
University Research Institute for Iberian Archaeology, University of Jaén, Spain

This work aims to show the updating criteria and strategy followed by the University Institute of Iberian Archeology (University of Jaén, Spain) to improve and expand the information available in Europeana about the Iberians (Iron Age, 6th-1st ct. BC). In general, the work consisted of: incorporating new metadata, improving descriptions, increasing digital resources, creating new heritage assets. Two fundamental principles have been taken into account in the update:

  1. Reinforce the contextual and historical information linked to digital resources. To this end, new information has been added from areas of research on Iberians that have been developed at the Institute in recent years: archaeometry, gender and warfare archeology. The new contents have been adapted to guarantee a better understanding and, following the CARARE metadata scheme, they have been incorporated into the Iberian collection as a digital resource or as a heritage asset.
  2. The archaeological site is preferred as heritage asset and an isolated view of the object is avoided. Whenever possible, the object is connected to its area of activity, room, grave and archaeological site, thus providing an archaeological and historical description of interest for the user of Europeana.

Linking local people and scientists through metal detector finds.

Nina Gerritsen, KNAW-DANS

Metal-detecting by members of the public searching for archaeological material, primarily as a leisure activity, has developed into a widespread hobby in many European countries. These finds are very valuable to professional archaeologists. The PAN project, Portable Antiquities of the Netherlands, created an oversight of 100,000 such finds in an online database, which contains information about coins, brooches, hairpins, buckles etc. Scientific experts are involved in analysing and documenting these finds and there is a close collaboration with the Dutch Cultural Heritage Agency. This source of information will be opened up via DANS to portals such as Europeana and ARIADNE for scientists, heritage professionals, spatial planners and the wider public. 

DANS takes care of the sustainable storage of the PAN datasets for the consortium of partners. Similar national databases exist or are being set up in Denmark, Finland, the UK and Flanders. These efforts could lead to the development of a European database of metal-detector finds.  In the near future, the PAN data will be enriched by connecting with thesauri/LOD/CIDOC and integrated with other scientific data by data-mining of grey literature reports (unpublished archaeological fieldwork reports). The project is a good example of public and scientific collaboration to protect Europe’s cultural heritage.