Archaeology and Architecture in Europeana June 28, 2019 - June 28, 2019, Amersfoort, Netherlands

For this year’s annual CARARE meeting we have taken as our theme past, present and future directions. We invite you to join us in discussing these themes.

Archaeologists and building historians have been investigating sites and remains in Europe for more than 200 years. Digital collections now in Europeana reveal hidden histories from both cities and countryside often telling stories of communities who are not otherwise commemorated. The content illustrates how the practice of archaeology changed – particularly between the first half of the 20th century and now. Heritage is not only about conserving the past but also shaping the future. Monuments and historic buildings bring economic, educational and community benefits – drawing tourists, educating students and offering citizens opportunities to use cutting edge technologies such as 3D and GIS. Archaeology can also raise awareness of current issues such as climate change.


Clicking on the links below will take you to the presentations on Slideshare

9.00-9.30: Registration and Coffee

9.30-9.40: Welcome

9.40-10.00: Connecting archaeology and architecture in Europe - Kate Fernie, CARARE

Inspiration from the past   

    10.05-10.25: Inspiration from the past to tackle problems of the present - Henk Alkemade, RCE
      10.30-10.50: The Everyday Reality Behind the Iron Curtain: Lithuanian Archaeological Content of 1948−1968 Through CARAREŠarūnė Valotkienė, Vilnius University Faculty of Communication

      10.50 - Break


      11.10-11.30: How and why people today engage with the archaeological heritage - Rimvydas Laužikas, Costis Dallas, Suzie Thomas, Ingrida Kelpšienė, Isto Huvila, Pedro Luengo, Helena Nobre, Marina Toumpouri, Vykintas Vaitkevičius 

      11.35-12.00: Low-tech and high-tech approaches in Archaeological Open Air MuseumsDr. Roeland Paardekooper, EXARC

      12.00-12.30: Discussion

      12.30-1.30 - Lunch

      Connecting and using heritage datasets

      1.35-1.55: CHERISH: Developing a digital documentation and data management toolkit for the recording of coastal archaeology under threat -Anthony Corns

      2.00-2.20: Working with subjects and temporal concepts across international archaeological resourcesHolly Wright, ADS

      2.25-2.45: An introduction to the PARTHENOS Guidelines to FAIRify data management and make data reusable - Femmy Admiraal, KNAW-DANS

      2.50-3.10: Interactive online 3D as an educational tool - Daniel Pletinckx

      3.15-3.50: Discussion 

      3.50-4.00: Closing remarks

      4.00-5.30: CARARE AGM


      Henk Alkemade is lead/enterprise architect at the Netherlands Cultural Heritage Agency (RCE). Trained as a physical geographer, he worked in IT in commercial and government organisations, for over 20 years. In 2007 Henk joined the RCE as head of the e-knowledge department. Since 2016 he has worked both as an IT/Business Architect and Cultural Heritage specialist at RCE. His main interest is where CH meets IT. Connecting data, storytelling, 3D, VR, AI. 

      Femmy Admiraal - After my initial training as a linguist and anthropologist, I obtained a PhD in linguistics from the University of Amsterdam with a dissertation on the linguistic encoding of spatial reference in Baure, an indigenous language spoken in Bolivia. 

      I currently work as an information scientist at KNAW-DANS. As a member of the PARTHENOS project, I work on research data management and was involved in coordinating the work on the PARTHENOS Guidelines to FAIRify data management and make data reusable

      Anthony Corns has been the Technology Manager for the Discovery Programme for the past 17 years and is responsible for the management of the applied technology research, including: project management, 3D data capture at a range of levels (aerial lidar, terrestrial scanning, close range scanning, SfM), GIS for cultural heritage, dataset management and archiving, metadata, promotion and dissemination of the use of technology within cultural heritage. Anthony is currently the Discovery Programme Project manager for CHERISH and the ESFRI E-RIHS (European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science) project.

      Kate Fernie has a background in Archaeology, museums, information management, standards and digitization in the cultural heritage sector. She is a director of 2Culture Associates and network coordinator for CARARE for whom she participates in the Europeana DSI, the ARIADNE Plus research infrastructure and Sharing New Perspectives (Share 3D). Kate is chair of the Europeana Network Association’s task force on 3D content in Europeana.

      Rimvydas Laužikas is Dean of the Faculty of Communication and Director of the Department of Museology at Vilnius University. His research interests include the digital humanities, information and communication of cultural heritage, museology, medieval archaeology and the history of food and gastronomic culture.

      Dr Roeland Paardekooper is director and cofounder of EXARC, an NGO with over 300 members in 40 countries, working with archaeological open-air museums and experimental archaeology. His PhD (Exeter, UK) was about the use of archaeological open-air museums, following upon which he led one of those himself, in Oerlinghausen (DE).

      Daniel Pletinckx was trained as a civil engineer, with specialisation in information technology. He gained extensive experience in system design, quality assurance, digital image processing and synthesis, 3D and virtual reality through a career of 15 years in private industry. Currently, he is director of Visual Dimension bvba. The company has been active in several European projects, including, 3D-ICONS and Sharing New Perspectives (Share 3D).

      Šarūnė Valotkienė is an archaeologist from Vilnius University Faculty of Communication from The Department of Archaeology of National Museum of Lithuanian. Her research interests include funeral practices, an archaeology of death, ethnoarchaeology, digital archaeology. She is a PhD student of ethnology studies, her dissertation is about the custom of placing grave goods in the 1st to 16th centuries in one of Baltic tribe − Samogitia (Žemaitija).

      Holly Wright is European Projects Manager at the Archaeology Data Service (ADS); a national archive for archaeological data in the UK (, based in the Department of Archaeology, at the University of York. Her research focusses on field drawing, vector graphics, visualisation, Web design, Web standards and the Semantic Web in archaeology. She currently manages ADS involvement in three European projects, including LoCloud, ARIADNE and NEARCH.


      Connecting archaeology and architecture in Europe
      Kate Fernie, CARARE

      CARARE (Connecting Archaeology and Architecture in Europe) was founded as a non-profit association in the winter of 2016 and brings together heritage organisations, research institutions, digital archives, museums and others with an interest in the digital archaeological and architectural heritage. An accredited content aggregator for Europeana, CARARE has supported around 200 institutions and helped to publish a fascinating variety of content for Europe’s archaeological heritage. Currently a partner in the Europeana DSI, Sharing New Perspectives and the ARIADNE-Plus research infrastructure, CARARE and its members are developing advice, guidance, training and new services. This presentation will provide an update on CARARE’s latest activities.

      Inspiration from the past to tackle problems of the present
      Henk Alkemade, Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed

      Subtitle: Using data on Dutch historic water management and historic environments as a source of inspiration to find integral solutions for “wicked” present day problems: climate change, sea level rise, soil subsidence and loss of bio-diversity.

      The Netherlands have a long history of struggling with the sea and rivers, to keep their feet dry, the land usable and the water routes navigable. In a thousand years, this has led to a fine-grained system of land use and water management. The whole system was finely tuned to local and regional conditions and was driven by manual and animal labor and natural forces, i.e. wind, tides and currents. This fine grained and closely interlocked system of land use and water management led to the typical small scaled Dutch landscape and cities that is much valued by both inhabitants and tourists.

      Nowadays, most agricultural land use is optimized for production and land use in the cities is optimized for economic return. This trend has led to the disappearance of much of the small scaled landscape and –to a lesser extent- characteristic canals and other economically obsolete historical buildings and built structures in villages and cities. The net result is an increased vulnerability to flooding, droughts, salt water infiltration, disappearance of species and heat stress.  

      New challenges arising from climate change, sea-level rise, soil subsidence and loss of biodiversity, have made the Dutch look to the past for inspiration to address these challenges in an integrated way. Luckily, we have a lot of data that may be used: Ranging from archaeological finds to paintings, archives and old maps. In this presentation I will share what we have learned.

      The Everyday Reality Behind the Iron Curtain: Lithuanian Archaeological Content of 1948−1968 Through CARARE
      Šarūnė Valotkienė, Vilnius University Faculty of Communication

      Between 2010−2012, one of CARARE project participants – the Vilnius University Communication Faculty – published approximately 21,000 images. These include archaeological investigations and excavations from 1948 until 1968. The images are from the biggest surveys of cemeteries, hill-forts, castles, settlements and other archaeological sites. Expeditions lasted from a few days up to several months. The participants included not only archaeologists, but also students, workers and even children; about 2,000 of these images show the participants working. The images are an informative and rich source of showing everyday reality and also give insight into the society of that time especially, how it was affected by the Second World War and later by the Iron Curtain. The aim of this paper is to examine these images to explore what they tell us about Lithuanian society in general, and about archaeological surveys in particular, during this period.

      “How and why people today engage with the archaeological heritage”
      Rimvydas Laužikas, Costis Dallas, Suzie Thomas, Ingrida Kelpšienė, Isto Huvila, Pedro Luengo, Helena Nobre, Marina Toumpouri, Vykintas Vaitkevičius 

      Archaeology and material cultural heritage captures public imagination and has a locus for expression of regional, national, and intra-national cultural identities. One important question is: why and how do contemporary people engage with archaeological heritage objects, artefacts, information or knowledge outside the realm of a professional, academically-based archaeology? In our research we analysed English language corpora to explore archaeology-related nonprofessional communities and archaeology-related practices, looking at archaeological knowledge production and reuse in the context of global archaeology.

      Low-tech and high-tech approaches in Archaeological Open Air Museums
      Dr. Roeland Paardekooper, EXARC

      Archaeological open-air museums are reconstructed sceneries where stories are presented about the archaeological past of a certain area. Experiencing is key, as well as touching replica objects and learning first hand from an interpreter. 

      Some people believe that an open-air museum is a place where you leave your modern technique behind and go ‘low tech’. However, besides the museums which act like digital free zones, many others experiment with going digital. People come with their mobile phones and experiences of modern technology, wanting to share their stories and try things out in the digital ways they are used to. 

      Where experience and storytelling have always been the central concepts of archaeological open-air museums, exactly these ideas are behind many digital techniques. We have to pick up the public where they are and approach them as they are. We should use all means our audience works with to reach them, and not only in the open air, also in the digital world. This means the digital way should be one of the paths used in these museums: in public outreach as well as in research and management of these museums (workflow, PR et cetera). 

      How can all this be brought to Europeana’s largely online audience – the teachers, researchers, students, general public, creative industries? Are there avenues and possibilities for future collaborations? Can these museums use the digital revolution as a means to improve quality? 

      CHERISH: Developing a digital documentation and data management toolkit for the recording of coastal archaeology under threat
      Anthony Corns, The Discovery Programme

      Changes in sea level in combination with projected increase in the severity of coastal storms is expected to intensify coastal erosion and coastal flooding. The EU funded CHERISH Project (Climate, Heritage and Environments of Reefs, Islands and Headlands) of the Irish and Welsh regional seas is researching these threats and brings together a cross-disciplinary, cross-border team of specialists in the development of a field toolkit which will combine multiple complimentary approaches and methods to evaluate current and future risk.

      This presentation focuses on several CHERISH toolkit remote sensing methods, which are currently being developed and employed within the project in both the terrestrial and marine environments to digitally document a range of archaeological sites and the surrounding historic environment, including: terrestrial and marine laser scanning, aerial and marine SfM, photogrammetric modelling of historic aerial imagery and terrestrial and marine geophysics.

      The presentation discusses what archaeological data sets are created by the project in order to preserve an archaeological site by digital record, how this data can be used to identify change and how we propose to archive manage and distribute the project data to enable current and future generations access to the scientific historic environment data.

      Working with subjects and temporal concepts across international archaeological resources
      Holly Wright, ADS

      One of the fundamental problems when working across archaeological resources from a range of countries and languages, is coming to agreement around how to define concepts for subject and time. During the implementation of the first phase of ARIADNE, an EC Infrastructures-funded project for archaeological data which spanned 23 partners in 18 European countries (, working across such a broad spatial, temporal and subject range represented major challenges to the creation of a unified resource discovery portal. It required the development of new mapping tools and creative solutions, including use of the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) for subject and temporal mapping using PeriodO. While some of these solutions were technical, consensus across archaeological research traditions was of equal importance. This paper will discuss the growing consensus within the archaeological community that use of the AAT and PeriodO, two Linked Open Data-based initiatives represent useful solutions; having been tested further in projects like ArchAIDE for describing archaeological pottery, and as part of further expansion across Europe (and beyond) within the next phase of ARIADNE (ARIADNEplus).

      An introduction to the PARTHENOS Guidelines to FAIRify data management and make data reusable
      Femmy Admiraal, KNAW-DANS

      The PARTHENOS guide offers twenty guidelines to help data producers and archivists to make (research) data as reusable as possible. The guidelines are based on work by PARTHENOS members to find common ground in policies and strategies for data management. The guidelines, which begin with investing in people and infrastructure are grouped around the principles of making data Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (F-A-I-R) and cover everything from data preservation, metadata completeness, copyright to reuse. This presentation will offer an introduction to the guidelines, explaining the rationale behind the guide as well as present the final outcome.

      Interactive online 3D as an educational tool
      Daniel Pletinckx

      Interaction and exploration are considered to be major factors for effective learning. Online 3D is an excellent medium to convey rich content in an interactive way. We will show the different ways how 3D models of cultural heritage objects can be turned into interactive experiences, from annotated tour over storytelling to VR/AR visualisation, and how these experiences can become educational tools.

      Important date(s)

      17 June 2019 - Registration closes

      The meeting is free to attend. Register for the workshop on Eventbrite

      Membership of the CARARE association is open to individuals, agencies, organisations, research institutions, archives and others with an interest in the archaeological heritage. CARARE membership is per calendar year. All members receive monthly briefings throughout the year, advice, guidance and support in the creation, publication and use of digital data for the archaeological and architectural heritage

      For further information, contact [email protected]


      More information about getting to Amersfoort and accommodation in the city is available from: