Archaeology and Architecture in Europeana June 13, 2017 - June 14, 2017, Leiden, Netherlands

Leiden Workshop
This two-day workshop is jointly hosted by CARARE and Europeana at the University of Leiden, Faculty of Archaeology. The theme of the workshop is Archaeology and Architecture in Europeana.

The physical remains of Europe’s rich heritage are all around us. The historic houses we live and work in, the places we go to worship, places we visit to explore tombs, earthworks, architectural ruins or monuments to industries past, the museums we visit, the shape of our landscape and the ground beneath our feet.

Digital technologies are widely used to capture the heritage for conservation and research, for analysis, to support learning and tourism, and for enjoyment.  This workshop will explore how digital content for the archaeological and architectural heritage can be made available to users of Europeana, experiences and best practices, and potential re-uses of the content for education, tourism, and researchers.


June 13th

10.30: Registration

Welcome, Kate Fernie, CARARE

11.00 - Session 1: Archaeology and Architecture in Europeana

  • Our road to Europeana: getting Dutch Built Monuments and Archaeology in Europeana - Henk Alkemade, Session chair, Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed
  • Europeana for archaeology and architecture collections - Henning Scholz, Europeana  
    View presentation on SlideShare
  • The Iberians in Europeana - Alberto Sanchez Vincaino, University of Jaén
    View presentation on SlideShare
12.30 - Lunch

14.00-16.30 - Session 2: Heritage data

  • New Horizons in Heritage data - Rimvydas Lauzikas, session chair, Vilnius University  
    View presentation on SlideShare
  • eCultureMap: putting Europeana content on the map - Franc Zakrajsek and dr. Vlasta Vodeb, Slovenia
  • Trismegistos Places: linking ancient world place names and texts - Tom Gheldof, Trismegistos
  • Discussion session - The way ahead for archaeology/architecture content in Europeana - new content?

June 14th

9.30 - Session 3: Technologies: data management and data quality

12.30: Lunch

13.30-15.30 -Session 4: Heritage and users

Including 15 minute break during session.

15.30-16.00: Wrap up - Archaeology & Architecture and Europeana Users - Anthony Corns, Discovery Programme Workshop closes

14 June: 16:00 - 17:30: Annual General Meeting of the CARARE association


The list of speakers includes:

Henk Alkemade is Head of Digital Infrastructure at Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed the Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands.  Henk advises RCE on the delivery of products and services, business processes, business organisation, information management and IT with a special focus on historic landscapes and archaeology. 

Anthony Corns is Technology Manager at the Discovery Programme in Ireland.  His expertise includes 3D Digital Documentation and Survey for Archaeology, GIS & SDI applications and solutions, Remote Sensing Technologies for archaeology: Aerial Photogrammetry, Lidar, Geophysical Prospection, Multispectral imaging and low cost aerial platforms, Digital archiving and data harmonization, and community creation projects archaeology.

Kate Fernie is Director of 2Culture Associates and an experienced professional in Archaeology, museums, information management, standards and digital projects in the cultural heritage sector.  Kate Fernie is network coordinator for CARARE and has participated in several EU projects which have provided data and services for Europeana.

Dimitris Gavrilis is a Researcher with the Digital Curation Unit (DCU) of Athena Research Centre. He received his B.Sc. and Ph.D. in Computer Science, both from the Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Patras. Before joining DCU, he was in charge for the development of Digital Library services at the University of Patras Central Library and at Panteion University Central Library, and has worked as an analyst/developer for various projects involving educational software and information systems.

Rimvydas Laužikas is a Professor of digital humanities and the Head of the Department of Museology in the Faculty of Communication of Vilnius University. Rimvydas's research interests cover medieval archaeology, the use of computers in cultural heritage and humanities, information and communication of cultural heritage, museology, history of gastronomy in Lithuania.

Nicole McNeilly is Business Development Coordinator at Europeana. Her role includes leading the Europeana4Education campaign (with policy level, commercial and non-commercial partners) and the creative industries focussed Europeana Challenges. She has also designed an ongoing pilot exploring the potential reuse of Europeana content by makers.

Daniel Pletinckx is Director of Visual Dimension bvba, a SME dealing with ICT based innovation in cultural heritage, education and tourism. Visual Dimension specialises in new, efficient ways for creation of and interaction with 3D digital heritage assets. The company has been active in European projects, including a network of excellence focussing on virtual and digital museums, and 3D-ICONS which provided content to Europeana. 

Alberto Sánchez Vizcaíno is a Professor at the Instituto de Arqueología Ibérica Universidad de Jaén, Spain.  His expertise includes Iberian Archaeology, Ceramics, Archaeometry and scientific analysis techniques.  Alberto Sánchez has participated in several EU projects for the University including CARARE and 3D-ICONS.

Nienke van Schaverbeke is Head of Europeana Collections. A publisher at heart, Nienke heads up Europeana’s Collections (end-user)Team and is responsible for engaging user communities with the collections in Europeana, she has a special interest in opening up cultural heritage for research. Nienke has over 10 years’ experience in the academic publishing and library sector.

Henning Scholz is Partner and Operations Manager and heads up the Data Partner Services Team of Europeana. He is palaeontologist by education and worked for several years as a scientist, curator and project coordinator for the Natural History Museum in Berlin. At Europeana he is operating and developing the Aggregator Forum and the network of data partners, to help and enable cultural heritage institutions to publish in Europeana. 

Franc Zakrajsek is a senior researcher and independent consultant in geographic information systems, GIS portals, GIS web services, digital cultural content, registering cultural heritage and building interoperability frameworks. He is acting as a member of Member's states expert group on digitalization and digital preservation established by the European Commission. Franc Zakrajšek has participated in several EU projects for Slovenia including Athena, DC-Net, Indicate, CARARE and LinkedHeritage, PartagePlus, AthenaPlus and LoCloud. 


Our road to Europeana: getting Dutch Built Monuments and Archaeology in Europeana 
Henk Alkemade,  Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed
After a short introduction of the Dutch National Heritage Agency, I will explain the reasons we decided to deliver content to Europeana and show examples of Archaeological Monuments, Built Monuments and Architecture (from what is now “Het Nieuwe Instituut”) we published on Europeana. I will then talk about the benefits to RCE of the process of delivering content to Europeana. But delivering content is only part of the story. It’s also about using content!

Europeana for archaeology and architecture collections, 
Henning Scholz, Europeana
I will give an overview of Europeana, its objectives for the next few years, the strategy for content acquisition and how we want to modernise our approach for end-users. I will introduce the Europeana Publishing Framework to discuss the benefits of publishing in Europeana, working as much as possible with examples from archaeology and architecture collections published in Europeana.

The Iberians in Europeana
Alberto Sánchez, David Parras, Carmen Rueda, José Tuñón and Carmen Rísquez
Increasing knowledge and preserving the culture of the Iberian Peninsula (Iberian Peninsula, Iron Age, 6th-1th BC) in Europe has always been a goal of the University Institute of Research in Iberian Archeology of the University of Jaén (Spain). Although traditional methods of dissemination have provided and still provide a good service to this effect, however, the new on-line systems have long taken a dominant position. Europeana is one of those systems or means of transmission. This presentation analyzes the presence of Iberian culture in Europeana. Firstly, the benefits of participation are assessed, and secondly, attention is given to the problems involved in the transfer and organization of information, and the adequacy of that information for user needs. New data sets that could form part of Europeana in the future will be presented.

eCultureMap: putting Europeana content on the map 

Frank Zakrajsek and dr. Vlasta Vodeb, Slovenia
SloveniaThe eCultureMap began with the Carare geographical map and continued to grow within several Europeana projects. So far the map presents over 3 million objects. Partners ingested their cultural content to Europeana to be found and visible, but with the eCultureMap they acknowledge the value of spatial visualization and the importance of geographical coordinates for browsing and navigation. The eCultureMap team developed several geocoding, geoparsing and geosharing tools with corresponding guidelines. The session will present also the current prototype of mobile web application

Trismegistos Places: linking ancient world place names and texts
Tom Gheldof, Trismegistos 
Trismegistos (; TM) was created in 2006 and has evolved into a broad interdisciplinary platform for the study of texts of the ancient (western) world (800 BC – AD 800). Trying to overcome disciplinary borders created by a focus on specific languages and scripts, genres, writing surfaces, regions or periods, it brings together information about the textual objects, such as material, date or provenance. The main philosophy of TM is thus to bring everything together into a single system and provide links to partner projects, where more details can be found.

Trismegistos has 2 important goals: firstly it functions as an aggregator of metadata for which it also links to other projects (e.g. Papyrological Navigator from Duke University for papyri and the Epigraphic Database from Heidelberg University for epigraphy), secondly it can be used as an identifying tool for all of its content such as Ancient World texts, places and people. 

With its unique identifying numbers and stable URI's, TM also bridges the gap between the different digital representations of Ancient World texts in several projects and aims to set a standard for linking to many aspects of the written sources from Ancient History.

Trismegistos Places ( is the TM portal page for retrieving information about places related to the ancient world. TM Places existst of two related databases: TM Geo and TM GeoRef. All toponyms referring to one place are listed in a single record in the TM Geo databases, which has a unique TM Geo_ID number, that is also used to form the TM Geo URI (e.g., for the Egyptian city of Alexandria). The TM GeoRef database contains attestations of ancient toponyms in literary and documentary sources and connects the places in the TM Geo database to an Ancient World texts listed in the TM Texts database.

Recently, Trismegistos has been taken part in the Europeana project EAGLE, an association of epigrahic sources. As a result, the TM Places databases increased to over 50,000 place records (GEO) and 200,000 place attestation records (GEOREF). Since it is currently not feasible to keep all data up to date, TM also teamed up with the PELAGIOS consortium. In their Linked Open Data ecosystem, TM Places can now be found among other important ancient place names gazetteers, such as Pleiades. In the near future, TM will focus even more on enhancing the interoperability of its datasets, such as TM Places, with one clear goal: easy access to knowledge of the ancient world.

Data adventures in heritage science
Dimitris Gavrillis, Digital Curation Unit - IMIS, Athena R.C
This presentation will demonstrate how the combined use of various technologies and standards such as interoperability protocols, formats and tools can be effectively used to address the curators’s everyday tasks. 

Can I access and use this data? FAIR into practice.
Hella Hollander, DANS-KNAW
Data should be fully accessible for re-use. Europeana is promoting the re-use of cultural heritage data, including documentation of archaeological excavations and survey’s. FAIR stands for Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable, the guiding principles for open data. Making archaeological data FAIR is a process that includes different stakeholders. Good data management involves archaeologists sharing their work as well as data archivists working at data archives taking care of the long-term preservation and dissemination of the data according to clear guidelines and procedures. The work done will enhance the ability of machines to automatically find and use the data, in addition to supporting its reuse by individuals. The Europeana portal contributes to a better re-use of archaeological data. This portal is an access point for searching and browsing cultural heritage data in Europe. This presentation will be a showcase of the impact of the work that has been done and opens the discussion on how we can put the FAIR principles into practice: the findability of content with access licences for enabling re-uses for e-ducation, creative industry, researchers, teachers and general public.

How can we make better use of our digital heritage within other sectors
Anthony Corns, Discovery Programme
Over the past decades much effort has gone into the digitisation of our rich and varied cultural heritage, producing vast amounts of high quality digital data, ranging from images, video, sound and 3D. However, this valuable resource is not being fully exploited and repurposed for the benefit of many. By collaborating with several different sectors including: creative arts, community, tourism and education we can construct, reclaim, and reutilise cultural heritage data for a wide range of socially, culturally and economic activities.

Europeana4 Education
Nicole McNeilly, Europeana
In this presentation, we will show the challenges and opportunities for the educational reuse of Europeana’s content, ranging from how teachers search for and use our content, to the plans we have to develop and promote Europeana4Education. We will set out ideas and ask for the audience’s feedback on how specialised content (in this case, archeology and architecture) could be made available for educational reuse.

The use of Europeana in creating and disseminating 3D digital heritage assets
Daniel Pletinckx, Visual Dimension bvba
When creating virtual reconstructions of sites or performing digital restoration of museum objects, one needs a vast amount of historical reference material, archaeological data or descriptive texts.  Finding such material, with extensive and validated metadata and context information is crucial to the scientific processes of virtual reconstruction and digital restoration.  In this Europeana – and by extension other digital libraries worldwide – have become a cornerstone of all such digital heritage activities.

The digital assets that result from such virtual reconstruction and restoration processes can not only become online or offline 3D resources but refer back to the source material used and in this way become gateways to the vast universe of European culture that has become accessible through Europeana.

In this presentation, we will show the workflow of some projects that have relied extensively on Europeana resources and have resulted in both serious games and online resources, integrated in Europeana.

Europeana Research
Nienke van Schaverbeke, Marjolein de Vos , Europeana

In this presentation, we will show the opportunities for the use of Europeana’s content in research. We will present how we aim to bring Europeana to the DH researcher and the DH researcher to Europeana. We will also set out how we will share data with infrastructures.

We will show Europeana Research, designed as a dedicated space to highlight and showcase datasets and feature collections from the Europeana corpus of relevance to researchers and will talk about our Grants Programme.

Important dates 

15 May 2017 - Call for contributions closes

09 June 2017 - Registration closes

13-14 June 2017 - Workshop

The workshop is free to attend. Register for the workshop on Eventbrite

Membership of the CARARE association is open to individuals, agencies, organisations, research institutions, archives and others with an interest in the archaeological heritage. CARARE membership is per calendar year. All members receive monthly briefings throughout the year, advice, guidance and support in the creation, publication and use of digital data for the archaeological and architectural heritage.

For further information, contact [email protected]


The Tourist Information Centre can provide help with finding accommodation in Leiden.